tesa tape, inc. Datasheets for Industrial Tapes

Industrial tapes are used for adhesive bonding, thread sealing, masking, packaging, wrapping, electrical insulation, ESD control and other specialized applications.
Industrial Tapes: Learn more

Product Name Notes
4085 is a packaging tape based on a PVC-film backing and a natural rubber adhesive.
4100 is based on a PVC backing coated with a natural rubber adhesive.Due to its embossed film texture an even and smooth unwinding is guaranteed. Additionally the embossed surface prevents...
4101 PV 2 is based on a hydrate cellulose film coated with a rubber adhesive. The backing, which is composed of a sustainable material, is characterized by a high rigidity...
4104 is a premium packaging tape based on a PVC-film backing and a natural rubber adhesive. It shows excellent performance on all kind of cardboards and secures a safe closure.
4120 is a packaging tape based on a PVC-film backing and a natural rubber adhesive. 4120 can be used on manual and automatic sealing equipment.
4122 is a premium packaging tape based on a very strong PVC backing and a natural rubber adhesive. Even heavy boxes or boxes with multiflute cardboard with high flap tension...
4124 is a premium packaging tape based on a PVC-film backing and a natural rubber adhesive. It shows excellent performance on all kind of cardboards and secures a safe closure...
4137 is a single-sided product with an aluminized polyester carrier based on an acrylic adhesive system. 4137 offers excellent heat resistance and easy unwinding characteristics. 4137 features especiallyHigh reflectivity of...
4154 is a masking tape with a PVC-backing and acrylic adhesive.The product is designed to be used to mask glass and metal during etching. 4154 withstands diluted acids and alkalis.
4156 PV 1 is a specialty tape designed for film and negative masking. The tape is available as litho-red (color 57). 4156 PV 1 is light and age resistant and...
4163 permits is a special formulated Soft PVC tape with a good film flexibility. Due to the UV stable acrylic adhesive it is perfect suitable for permanent applications.
4172 Plastering tape is a specially formulated plasticided Soft-PVC tape with low unwinding force, flat backing and good adhesion.The tape can withstand humidity, weak alkaline solutions, acids and many other...
4174 is a flexible, temperature resistant PVC fineline masking tape with a rubber adhesive for a wide range of design painting requirementsno shrinking at high temperaturesconforms to the dimensional change...
4204 PV0 is based on a stable PVC backing coated with a natural rubber adhesive. This product can generally be used on all common desk dispensers. 4204 PV0 is available...
4263 features a film backing with a synthetic rubber adhesive. 4263 is suitable for hand dispensers and automatic sealing equipment.
4264 is a performance grade, biaxially-oriented polypropylene carton sealing tape. Characteristics include good impact resistance, very good adhesion, and shear resistance on most carton surfaces. Available Colors: Tan, Clear
4269 is a premium grade biaxially-oriented polypropylene carton sealing tape with a thick backing and aggressive hot-melt adhesive system. Characteristics include excellent adhesion and shear properties, superior shock and impact...
4287 is a tensilized polypropylene strapping tape with a natural rubber adhesive system. Exhibits good tensile strength with lowelongation at the same time.
4288 is an extremely stable, medium-duty polypropylene strapping tape with a natural rubber adhesive system. Available Colors: Black
4289 is a heavy duty tensilised polypropylene strapping tape with a natural rubber adhesive system. 4289 features very high tensile strength with low elongation at the same time. The product...
4298 is a medium duty tensilised polypropylene strapping tape with a natural rubber adhesive system. 4298 is a specially designed tape which is stain and adhesive transfer resistant.
4299 is a specially designed tape featuring high tensile strength and a stain resistant adhesive system. It features high tack, high adhesion, and high chemical resistance. It is waterproof and...
4302 is a finely crêped and good conformable paper masking tape, especially suitable for the highest requirements of automotive paintworks (water- or solvent based paints) followed by oven-drying.Paints and even...
4309 is a finely crêped, extremely stretchable and flexible paper masking tape for paintspraying with subsequent oven-drying up to a temperature of 120 deg C.
4313 has a paper backing with a silicon free release coat and an adhesive system without solvents.The product has the following characteristics:It can be used for a wide variety of...
4316 is a finely crêped paper masking tape. The product is thin and flexible and, therefore, suitable for all general masking applications, as well as oven drying applications up to...
4318 PV2 is a finely crêped, flexible paper masking tape, especially suitable for the high requirements of paintworks (water- or solvent based paints) followed by oven-drying.
4322 is a highly crêped, general purpose paper masking tape for various application fields and is especially suitable for masking of curves.
4330 is a finely crêped, flexible, wet resistant masking tape with a high tensile strength.
4331 is an extremely temperature resistant, flat back masking which offers the following qualities:strong adhesion and high thermal resistanceachieves border-sharp coverage resultremoval without residues
4334 Precision Mask consists of an extra-thin and strong paper backing coated with an acrylic adhesive.The combination of the highly equipped backing material and the outstanding special adhesive formulation allows...
4421 provides an excellent blend of value and performance due to its excellent paper strength, cured rubber adhesive, and high shear. 4421 performs under stress and temperatures where general-purpose products...
4432 is a special masking tape with a tough, resistant, stabilized paper backing and a strong adhesive. Due to the resistant paper backing 4432 is suitable as a stencil material...
4434 is a special masking tape with a strong, thick and resistant paper backing and has been developed for manual cutting. Due to the extreme resistance 4434 is mainly used...
4541 is a highly tear-resistant uncoated cloth tape. It is based on a 145 mesh rayon fabric backing and natural rubber adhesive. 4541 is a very flexible and conformable tape...
4549 is a highly tear-resistant uncoated cloth tape. It is based on a 145 mesh rayon fabric backing and natural rubber adhesive. 4549 is a very flexible and conformable tape.
4576 is a highly elastic single sided adhesive tape. It consists of a PET/cellulose non-woven fabric coated with an acrylic adhesive.Its high gas permeability through the adhesive and non woven...
4651 is a powerful high quality acrylic coated cloth tape. It is based on a 148 mesh woven rayon fabric backing and a natural rubber adhesive. 4651 is a very...
4657 is a high grade acrylic coated cloth tape. It is based on a 145 mesh woven cotton fabric and a thermosetting natural rubber adhesive. 4657 is a very resilient...
4665 is a special outdoor transparent cloth tape. It consists of a 95 µm UV treated polyethylene foil and a 30 mesh woven PET/cotton fabric backing coated with a synthetic...
4671 is a strong acrylic coated cloth tape. It is based on a 120 mesh woven rayon fabric backing and a natural rubber adhesive. 4671 is a strong cloth tape...
4688 is a standard grade polyethylene coated cloth tape. It is based on a 55 mesh woven PET/rayon fabric backing coated with a pressure sensitive natural rubber adhesive. 4688 is...
4840 consists of a stable, ribbed film backing which is coated with an uv-resistant natural rubber based adhesive.This special design allows a demasking without any difficulties and residues even after...
4848PV1 surface protection film features an environmentally friendly polyethylene backing and a light, age-resistant acrylic adhesive.This ensures easy, residue-free removal within four weeks of application.The protection film is resistant against...
4900 consists of a transparent pure acrylic adhesive. The adhesive is transparent, ageing resistant and has a high initial tack. 4900 also withstands elevated temperatures.
4917 consists of a transparent double-sided PP-film with a differential adhesive system. The product can easily be cut with the hot wire systems of common bag machine producers.
4928 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 4928 features especially: An excellent balance of good holding power and bonding performanceSufficien...
4934 is a double-sided tape. It consists of a fabric backing with a thick, tacky adhesive coating. The synthetic rubber adhesive is solvent free. 4934 is a general purpose mounting...
4952 is a double-sided tape consisting of a conformable white closed cell PE-foam backing and a shear resistant modified acrylic adhesive. It is fully outdoor suitable. 4952 features especially:High immediate...
4957 is a double-sided tape consisting of a very conformable closed cell PE-foam backing and a shear resistant modified acrylic adhesive. It is fully outdoor suitable and available in black...
4959 is a double-sided mounting and splicing tape equipped with a non-woven backing and coated with an acrylic adhesive of high tack and good shear strength. It is UV and...
4961 consists of a natural rubber adhesive and special paper backing. The ”hard” adhesive system provides good shear resistance and can also be removed without leaving adhesive residues.
4962 is a double-sided tape consisting of a non-woven backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive. 4962 features especially:High adhesion values on different substratesExcellent wetting (grabbing) power to rough surfacesExcellent temperature...
4963 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape, consisting of a PVC-carrier and a rubber adhesive mass system. 4963 is largely resistant to plasticizers. 4963 is also available in spools with...
4964 consists of a tear resistant flexible fabric backing with a rubber adhesive system.The adhesive has a high coating weight making it well suited for mounting applications on irregular surfaces.
4965 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 4965 features especially:Reliable bond even to LSE substratesImmediate usability right after assemblySuitability for...
4967 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 4967 features especially: Extremely high holding power even at elevated temperaturesSuperior converting performance...
4968 is a white double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PVC-backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive. 4968 features especially:An outstanding adhesion level even to critical low surface energy materials such...
4970 is a thick white double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PVC-film backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive. 4970 features especially:Excellent combination of high tack and immediate adhesionHigh coating weight...
4972 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 4972 features especially:Very low thickness of only 48µmHigh adhesion level relative to low...
4980 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 4980 features especially:Good bonding strength to most common, smooth, even substratesSuperior converting performance...
4982 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 4982 features especially: Excellent bonding strength/thickness ratioGood bonding strength to most common, smooth,...
4983 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 4983 features especially:Lowest possible thickness of 30µmGood adhesion level relative to low thickness...
4985 is a transparent transfer tape using a modified acrylic adhesive. It offers good immediate grab to uneven surfaces. 4985 features especially: Excellent conformability due to transfer tape constructionGood dispensing...
4987 is a translucent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a non-woven backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive. 4987 features especially:Good shear resistanceA good conjunction of high initial tack and ultimate...
50124 is a high shear creped paper masking tape with cured rubber-based adhesive. It provides excellent adhesion to a variety of surfaces in a wide range of application fields.
50589 is a fineline masking tape with acrylic adhesive and high temperature resistance.no shrinking at high temperaturesconforms to the dimensional change during oven-dryingno edge lifting off and removable without leaving...
50600 is a green, high-temperature masking tape featuring a polyester backing with a silicone adhesive. Features and benefits include: - Easy to apply- High temperature resistance - up to 220deg...
51026PV9 is a single layer PET cloth edge coated with acrylic adhesive for lengthwise application. It is designed for engine compartment wire harnessing applications requiring one-time or permanent mechanical protection,...
51128 is a tensilised polypropylene strapping tape with a special natural rubber adhesive system. 51128 does not damage the surfaces of typical printed or labelled carton boxes after its removal.
51132 is a premium grade self adhesive film that has been developed for the protection of various surfaces, especially interior parts of automobiles like carpets, dashboards and door sills during...
51134 is a transparent self-adhesive polyethylene tape with an acrylic adhesive for masking large areas of plastic parts during professional painting processes. 51134 is an interior protection tape for slightly...
51206 is an ageing and abrasion resistant high density PE tape coated with an acrylic adhesive.very good slip properties and self lubricatingvery low wear and low friction lossexcellent chemical resistance...
51408 (Kapton® backing with silicone adhesive) is a highly temperature-resistan t and highly adhesive grade tape
51571 is a double-sided tape with a non-woven backing. It is used for permanent mounting of metal and plastic materials, e.g. aluminium, polystyrene, polypropylene, ABS. The very thick layer of...
51575 is a double-sided tape with a non-woven backing. It is coated with a water-borne acrylic adhesive offering high tack and high shear and temperature resistance. The special adhesive formulation...
51576 is a double-sided tape equipped with non-woven backing and coated with a water-borne acrylic adhesive with very high tack and high shear and temperature resistance. The thick adhesive coating...
51608PV9 is a single layer PET fleece edge coated with rubber adhesive for lengthwise application. It is designed for passenger compartment wire harnessing applications requiring maximum flexibility. An application aid,...
51903 is a double-sided adhesive tape, consisting of a PVC-film without liner.The adhesive on both sides is exactly balanced, so that 51903 can be unwound easily, even after long periods...
51930 is a gray, polyurethene foam tape with a weather and age resistant acrylic adhesive, guaranteeing a secure, long-term bond for indoor or outdoor applications. It is highly resistant against...
51965 is a double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a black PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive . 51965 features especially:An excellent balance of high shear resistance, adhesion performance and...
51967 is a double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a black PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 51967 features especially: Extremely high holding power even at elevated temperaturesSuperior converting performance...
51970 is a transparent double-sided tape consisting of a PP-film backing and a tackified adhesive. 51970 features especially:Excellent combination of high tack and adhesion Secure bond even on critical materials...
51972 is a double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a black PET backing and a modified acrylic adhesive. 51972 features especially:Very low thickness of only 48µmHigh adhesion level relative to low...
51977 is a white double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PP-film backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive. 51977 features especially:An excellent combination of a high initial tack and adhesion level...
52310 (transparent), 52315 (yellow), 52320 (white) and 52325 (pink) are a range of tesaprint® plate mounting solutions, each of a different thickness category.The unwind characteristics of all four tapes offer...
52330 is especially well suited to plate mounting in corrugated board postprint, due to its ideal adhesive characteristics and optimal backing properties.Adhesive propertiesHigh adhesive coating weight to ensure the secure...
52338 is designed for plate mounting in wide web flexographic printing, particularly for solid areas and line work. 52338 unwinds smoothly, despite its thickness, to ensure easy cylinder coverage. The...
52350 is designed for use in wide web flexographic printing, particularly for solid areas and line work. 52350 unwinds smoothly, despite its thickness, to ensure easy cylinder coverage. The high...
52664 consists of a tear resistant flexible fabric backing, with a rubber adhesive system. The adhesive has a high coating weight making it well suited to mounting plates in flexographic...
52916 is specially designed for mounting photopolymer plates (1.14mm [0.045"] or 1.70mm [0.067"]) on compressible (foam) sleeves. It is a double-sided tape with differential adhesion values between each side.High open...
52917 is specially designed for mounting thin photopolymer plates (1.14mm [0.045"] or 1.70mm [0.067"]) on compressible (foam) sleeves in flexograpic printing applications. It is a double sided tape with highly...
53000PV1 combines a revolutionary new backing, with a high-performance synthetic rubber adhesive system, specially designed for low energy surfaces.The heavy duty TPP (tensilized polypropylene) backing is specially oriented to provide...
53120 PV1 is a cost-efficient, crêped paper masking tape, good for general-purpose bundling, holding, sealing, and surface protection applications. Adheres to a variety of surfaces. It is recommended as a...
53123 provides excellent adhesions to a variety of surfaces in a wide range of application fields. With its cured rubber resin adhesive, 53123 provides flexibility in application as well as...
53131 is a medium grade paper tape designed for bandoliering / sequencing of axial leaded components such as capacitors, resistors, and diodes.
53200 is specially designed for low energy surfaces. It combines a thin backing, with a high-performance synthetic rubber adhesive system. 53200 has the thinnest backing of our LSE tapes, making...
53300 is designed for low energy surfaces. It combines a mid-range tensile strength backing, with a high-performance synthetic rubber adhesive system. 53300 has a mid-range thickness TPP backing in our...
53311 is a very high strength polyester backed fiberglass reinforced filament tape. 53311 has an aggressive and high shear resistant adhesive system.
53313 is a kraft paper flatback tape with a blend of natural and synthetic rubber adhesive systems for all around excellent performance. The tape performs exceptionally in a wide range...
53314 is a high strength polyester backed fibre glass reinforced filament tape. 53314 has a high tack and high shear resistant adhesive system. It has excellent aging properties and assures...
53317 PV01 is a low tensile, economical fiberglass reinforced filament tape, with an aggressive high shear resistant adhesive system. Available Colors: Transparent, White
53318 is a medium tensile strength fiberglass reinforced filament tape. It has an aggressive, high shear resistant, synthetic rubber resin adhesive. Characteristics include high tear resistance and low elongation. Available...
53327 is a low tensile, economical fiberglass filament tape, with an aggressive, high shear resistant adhesive system. Available Colors: Transparent
53490 is a tensilized polypropylene teartape with an aggressive adhesive that exhibits excellent bonding on both solid and corrugated cardboard surfaces. Because of the unique backing and its excellent tack,...
53900 combines a flexible, soft aluminum foil backing with an aggressive rubber adhesive and paper liner. This tape offers the flexibility and adhesive strength to conform to the most irregular...
62852 is a double-sided tape consisting of a PE foam backing and a pure acrylic adhesive. 62852 features include:High ultimate adhesive strength for secure bonding performance Conformable foam backing to...
62854 is a double-sided tape consisting of a PE foam backing and a pure acrylic adhesive. 62854 features especially:High ultimate adhesive strength for a secure bonding performance Conformable foam backing...
62855 is a double-sided tape consisting of a PE foam backing and a pure acrylic adhesive. 62855 features especially:High ultimate adhesive strength for a secure bonding performance Conformable foam backing...
62856 is a double-sided tape consisting of a PE (polyethylene) foam backing and a pure acrylic adhesive. 62856 offers:High ultimate adhesive strength for secure bonding performance Conformable foam backing to...
62872 is a double-sided tape consisting of a PE foam backing and a pure acrylic adhesive. 62872 features:High ultimate adhesive strength for secure bonding performance Conformable foam backing to compensate...
62875 is a double-sided tape consisting of a PE foam backing and a pure acrylic adhesive. 62875 features:High ultimate adhesive strength for a secure bonding performance Conformable foam backing to...
62932 foam tape offers an excellent longterm adhesive performance for demanding constructive applications at a small design gap. 62932 offers benefits for various industrial applications:Thin foam backing allows to implement...
62934 is a double-sided PE-foam tape for constructive mounting applications. It consists of a highly conformable PE-foam backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive.Product benefits:Versatile adhesive for high immediate adhesion on...
62936 is a double-sided PE-foam tape for constructive mounting applications. It consists of a highly conformable PE-foam backing with a tackified acrylic adhesive.Product benefits:Versatile adhesive for high immediate adhesion on...
62939 is a double-sided PE-foam tape for general mounting applications. It consists of a highly conformable closed cell PE-foam backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive.Product benefits:Good adhesion on strongly structured...
64613 is a high shear and high tensile poly-coated cloth tape providing easy hand-tearability and adhesion to a variety of different surfaces. It shows easy unwind and straight edge tear.Excellent...
64620 is a double-sided self-adhesive tape, consisting of a white PP-carrier and a synthetic rubber adhesive mass system (hotmelt).With the hotmelt adhesive, 64620 is solvent free and offers a high...
64621 is a transparent double-sided self-adhesive tape consisting of a PP-carrier and a synthetic rubber adhesive mass system (hotmelt).With the hotmelt adhesive, 64621 is solvent free and offers a very...
64662 offers excellent tensile strength and hand tearability. 64662 is available in a variety of colors. Excellent for draping, and securing as well as for demanding packaging, bundling, holding, seaming,...
64663 is a duct tape with an aggressive adhesive for demanding industrial applications such as heavy-duty draping and securing. 64663 features a high-grade cloth backing that offers excellent tensile properties...
64958 is a white double-sided tape with a PE-foam backing and a synthetic rubber adhesive. 64958 features especially:Highly conformable PE-foamHigh immediate bonding strength even on rough or uneven surfacesHigh bonding...
6917 has been designed for re-sealable filmic bags. It consists of a transparent double-sided PP-film with a differential adhesive system. The product can easily be cut with the hot wire...
6965 consists of a transparent PET-film and an adhesive system that combines good adhesion with high shear resistance. It is especially resistant to plasticizers and offers a secure bond even...
7002 is a reverse wound acrylic adhesive transfer tape without a backing. The adhesive has good high tack and shear resistance. It is UV (ultraviolet), aging, and solvent resistant. NOPI™
7133 is a self-adhesive polypropylene tape with a natural rubber adhesive.
7475 and 7476 are especially designed for the characterisation of silicone coated liners. A typical test method represents FINAT 10 and FINAT 11.For a comprehensive characterisation of release properties it...
A moisture resistant flatback tape with an aggressive natural/synthetic rubber pressure-sensitive adhesive. This tape is designed to offer a positive, attractive seal and excellent adhesion to minimize carton sealing failures...
Anti Slip Professional range is everywhere safe footing is required. Anti Slip yellow & black is the ideal protection to prevent from skidding and therefore helps to avoid accidents in...
Easy Protect Premium 4392 has been developed for superior paint and filler jobs. The product prevents from inconvenient spotting on the car body after oven - or IR drying at...
Easy Protect Standard 4394 has been developed for superior paint and filler jobs. The film on the 300m roll at a width of 4m allows easy application by only one...
Flying splice repulpable double-sided tape with tissue reinforcement, blue
Flying splice repulpable double-sided transfer tape, blue
For every standard application, tesa offers efficient masking and protection solutions that meet the standard requirements that apply to automotive paint and lacquer work. Specializing in particularly challenging tasks is...
From the company you've come to know and trust for plate mounting products comes the next generation in plate mounting technology! Introducing the tesa Softprint® FE Product Line, a family...
HAF 8400 is a double-sided thermosetting brown adhesive film without backing, that is based on phenolic resin and nitrile rubber. At room temperature HAF 8400 is not tacky. It is...
HAF 8401 is a double-sided thermosetting brown adhesive film without backing, that is based on phenolic resin and nitrile rubber. At room temperature HAF 8401 is not tacky. It is...
HAF 8402 is a double-sided thermosetting brown adhesive film without backing, that is based on phenolic resin and nitrile rubber. At room temperature HAF 8402 is not tacky. It is...
HAF 8410 HS is a heat activated double-sided brown adhesive film based on reactive phenolic resin and nitrile rubber.
HAF 8490 is a thermosetting single-sided adhesive film (brown) that is based on phenolic resin and nitrile rubber. It has a white cotton fabric carrier. At room temperature HAF 8490...
High Load 51010 combines a tensilized polypropylene backing with a strong synthetic rubber adhesive. Intelligent tesa technology and innovative raw materials provide a tape with doubled tensile stiffness compared to...
High tack, reinforced double-sided splicing tape equipped with non-woven backing and coated with an acrylic adhesive. This tape offers very high tack, high shear, and temperature resistance. Available Colors: Translucent...
High-performance repulpable single-sided flatback tape, blue
High-temperature fine-line tape, gold
High-temperature PP overmask film, transparent
Medium tensile, fiberglass reinforced tape with an aggressive high tack synthetic rubber resin adhesive. This product has high tear resistance and low elongation. Available Colors: Transparent
Our strongest tensilized polypropylene backing with natural rubber adhesive. General-purpose tear tape has good initial tack, excellent shear resistance, and strong ultimate adhesion. Available in a variety of lengths and...
Premium mid-temperature masking tape, brown
Premium protection film for vehicle glass, transparent
Premium repulpable single-sided creped paper tape, blue, white
Surface protection film, green
tesa 53488 is a tensilized polypropylene tear tape featuring a 60 micron backing and an aggressive synthetic adhesive. This product exhibits excellent bonding on both solid and corrugated cardboard surfaces.
tesa 53494 is a tensilized polypropylene tear tape featuring a 100 micron backing that is ideal for heavy-duty tear strip and pull tab applications that demand high tensile strength and...
tesa EasyCover® Auto premiumtape, film, and paper combo
tesa® 4976 is a double-sided tape consisting of a conformable black open cell PU-foam backing and a tackified acrylic adhesive. tesa® 4976 features especially: Good compensation for design tolerances Level...
The product is thin and flexible and, therefore, suitable for all general masking applications, as well as oven drying applications up to a temperature of 80 deg C.
This tape consists of a crêped paper with a heat-resistant thermosetting adhesive.For short term exposure, the maximum applicable temperature is 180 deg C.