The A1000 and A2000 series converter boxes convert RS-232 communication signal levels to the correct electrical signals required by RS-485. The RS-485 communications standard is recommended when many SCM9B modules, or other addressable devices, must be connected to a host computer over long distances. The A1000 and A2000 converters allow communications bus lengths up to 4,000 feet and data rates up to 115kbps using one twisted pair of wires.
The RS-485 standard allows for bidirectional data on the same pair of wires. Therefore, some means of arbitrating the data direction is required. The A1000 and A2000 automatically control the bus direction without external handshaking signals from the host. Host software written for half-duplex RS-232 may be used without modification, RS-485 bus control is completely transparent to the user.
The A1000 and A2000 can also operate as repeaters for RS-485. Repeaters are required to extend communications bus lengths or to allow more than 32 RS-485 devices to be connected to a communications bus. A repeater simply reamplifies, or boosts, existing RS-485 signals transmitted over long distances.