GSM being one of the first mobile communications standard, was predominantly over traditional TDM network. It continues to be the default standard in many parts of the world. With recent developments, communications over the Global System for Mobile (GSM) network can be exchanged over TDM transport networks as well as with IP or Ethernet transport services.
GSM networks operate in three different frequency ranges,
- GSM 900 (operates in the 900 MHz frequency range; is used in most parts of the world -Europe, most of Asia, Australia, Africa, Middle East)
- GSM 1800 or DCS 1800 (operates in the 1800 MHz frequency range; is found in a number of countries including France, Germany, Switzerland, the UK, and Russia)
- PCS 1900 or DCS 1900 - ( used in the United States and Canada).
GL Communications supports the following types of GSM analyzers:
For GSM over IP transport
- GL's GSM Protocol Analyzer (PK103) is available as an optional module within PacketScan™ analyzer (PKV100) or PacketScan™ HD analyser (PKV120/PKV122) upon additional licensing.. With the support of this additional license, PacketScan™ can be used to analyze the protocol exchanged between the MSC & BSC (A-interface) and BSC & BTS (Abis-interface) nodes of GSM network over IP backhaul. Additionally, with the support of PKV105 license PacketScan™ can handle MAP, CAP, and INAP interfaces.
For GSM over TDM transport
- T1 E1 Real-time GSM Analyzer (XX150) is available as an optional module within T1E1 Analyzer. With this software, the T1 E1 Analyzer permits continuous real-time monitoring of are A (Interface b/w BSC and MSC), A-bis (Interface b/w BSC and BTS), Mobis (Motorola Proprietary Interface b/w BSC and BTS and also b/w BSC and PCU), Gs (Interface between SGSN and MSC), Ls / Lb / Lp Interface (Interface between MSC and SMLC), Up (Interface between UNC (UMA network controller) and MS). (Pre-requisites: GL's field proven E1 or T1 internal cards or USB based external units, required licenses and Windows® System)
- T1 E1 Offline GSM Analyzer (OLV150) (Pre-requisites: Hardware Dongles and Windows® System)
GL's GSM Protocol Analyzer is used to analyze GSM protocols, a switching and signaling telecommunication protocol between MSC & BSC, BSC & BTS, MSC & SMLC, UMA & MS. and so on. GSM analyzer also supports decoding proprietary 'Mobis' Interface (Motorola equivalent of the GSM A-bis interface) with additional license XX151 between BSC (Base Station Controller) - BTS (Base Transceiver Station) and BSC (Base Station Controller) - PCU (Packet Controller Unit).
GL’s GSM Protocol Analyzer supports complete analysis, decode and monitoring of GSM-R (GSM-Railway) - an international wireless communications standard for railway communication and applications.
Other interfaces supported include GSM-R (GSM Railwaysstandard), Gs (Interface between SGSN and MSC), Ls / Lb / Lp Interface (Interface between MSC and SMLC), and Up (Interface between UNC (UMA network controller) and MS).
- Interfaces supported are A (Interface b/w BSC and MSC), A-bis (Interface b/w BSC and BTS), Mobis (Motorola Proprietary Interface b/w BSC and BTS and also b/w BSC and PCU), Gs (Interface between SGSN and MSC), Ls / Lb / Lp Interface (Interface between MSC and SMLC), Up (Interface between UNC (UMA network controller) and MS).
- Supports decoding of GSM-R as per EIRENE specification (H 22 T 0001 2) and ETSI TS 102 610 standards to verify and monitor GSM-R Network
- Summary View displays MTP2, MTP3 information, GSM Message types, information about various channels used during the call, frequency hopping and so on in a tabular format.
- Decoding of many RR layer non-transparent messages such as "System Information", "Measurement Result", "Immediate Assignment" etc.
- Call Detail View displays call statistics such as number of active/completed calls, durations of the completed calls, Type of Call (e.g. SMS/Location Update/Authentication/Speech Call), IMSI/TMSI associated with each call.
- Call Detail Recording feature includes data link groups that help in defining the direction of the calls in a given network and form logical groups comprised of unidirectional (either 'Forward' or 'Backward') data links.
- For GSM over T1 E1 interface
- Streams can be captured on the selected time slots (contiguous or non-contiguous), sub-channels or full bandwidth.
- Real-time filtering based on the frame length.
- Supports decoding of frames with FCS of 16 bits and 32 bits, or none.
- Recorded trace files can be played back using HDLC Playback application.
- Multiple streams of GSM traffic on various T1/E1 channels can be simultaneously decoded with different GUI instances.
- Frames can be transmitted or captured in either, n x 64 kbps, or n x 56 kbps data channels.
- The variations accommodated in the software are inverted or non-inverted data, and byte reversal or non-reversal.
- MAPS™ GSM A Emulator
- MAPS™ GSM Abis Emulator
- MAPS™ MAP Emulator
- MAPS™ SIGTRAN Emulator
- SS7 Analyzer
- SIGTRAN Analyzer
- GSM-GPRS Wireless Lab