Methanol (MeOH) can be utilized directly (without the need for a reformer) with Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) Membrane Electrode Assemblies (MEAs). This allows a liquid fuel to be used directly in a fuel cell. This is often useful in lower power applications. We are currently developing next generation DMFC MEAs that are promising unprecedented fuel utilization and energy densities. These DMFC MEAs are 5-Layer.